'The Decameron' is a collection of short stories by the 14th-century Italian author Giovanni Boccaccio. The stories are told by a group of young men and women who seek refuge in a villa outside Florence to escape the Black Death. The tales explore a wide range of themes, from love and lust to wit and practical jokes, and offer valuable life lessons. The book is not only a literary masterpiece but also a vivid portrait of life during the author's time. Written in the Florentine language, it is widely regarded as a masterpiece of early Italian prose and has had a profound impact on literature, including inspiring Chaucer's Canterbury Tales.